The forms to request asylum in the United States are two, one of them through a form and the applicant must be in that country has a period of one year, on average, from entering the country and if not approved, If the person is undocumented, the file is sent to an Immigration Court that could order the deportation. The office of Citizenship and Immigration Services of the United States (USCIS) is in charge of the asylum procedure, which can also be initiated if the asylum seeker is stopped at the border and handed over to the officers, requesting Asylum or demonstrating a real danger if deported.
In this case, the request could be channeled before a judge if it finds elements, not only for what the asylum seeker refers to request asylum.
It is estimated that there are more than 746 thousand pending asylum cases pending resolution in US immigration courts, in processes that last up to two years, according to a study by the Institute of Migration Policy (MPI, for its acronym in English) .
As of January 29, 2018, the Asylum Division of the USCIS gives priority to affirmative asylum applications, that is, to those who performed procedures at ports of entry, most recently filed when planning asylum interviews.
According to the MPI study, released in September of this year, 30% of these asylum applications are those that occur at the United States border, when the asylum seeker is stopped by a Border Patrol agent or is surrendered to a CBP officer.
A decade ago, approximately 1 in 100 people who crossed the border illegally were unaccompanied children or asylum seekers seeking protection. Today, that proportion is from 1 to 3, in the midst of extreme insecurity in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, says the study.