In almost 100 years, these airlines have stopped operating due to the price of oil, politics, mismanagement or financial loss.
Thousands of airlines have come and gone as victims of oil prices, politics, mismanagement or financial loss.
The abrupt collapse of the low-cost Nordic airline Primera Air, which left travelers on both sides of the Atlantic when flights stopped on October 2, is another victim of the notoriously inconstant industry.
Some closures are more memorable than others, such as the fall of Pan Am and the recent purchase of Virgin America by Alaska Airlines, but each of these 15 airlines left a mark on the industry and its passengers, before its final flight .
Founded in 1937 as “All American Aviation”, the airline changed its name to “Allegheny Airlines” in 1953, and to “USAir” in 1979, when it was considered among the largest airlines in the world, and finally to “US Airways” in 1997 .
US Airways merged with American Airlines in 2013, forming the largest airline in the world, with the last flight with the US Airways brand that landed in April 2015.
The long history of Continental began in 1937 when “Varney Speed Lines” changed its name and was refocused, after transporting mail, in transporting passengers.
Based in Houston and with other centers in Cleveland, Newark and Guam, Continental flew until it merged with United Airlines in 2012.
This airline, founded in 1984 and with routes throughout the country, mainly from its centers in Milwaukee and Kansas City, ceased to exist at the end of 2010 when it merged with Frontier Airlines.
From the 1990s to the early 2000s, Midwest distinguished itself from its competitors by continuing to offer generous complimentary hot meals when other airlines reduced their services.
Initially as a charter company in 1973, ATA began operations scheduled in 1986 with flights from the Midwest to Florida.
The Indianapolis and Chicago-Midway airports served as ATA centers. After the economic effects of September 11, 2001, the airline suffered one financial setback after another, until it declared bankruptcy and ceased operations on April 2, 2008.
A vestige of the days of glory of Trans World Airlines remains at the JFK Airport in New York: the transatlantic center of the airline, where passengers departed and arrived through the terminal “TWA Flight Center” designed by Eero Saarinen.
This mid-century fantastic architecture icon is on the National Register of Historic Places and is currently being rebuilt as a hotel and conference center.
The end of World War II and the purchase of a plane with military surpluses led to the creation in 1946 of Aloha Airlines, which operated flights between the continental United States. and Hawaii, and to other Pacific islands.
Aloha was the main competitor of Hawaiian Airlines, but a price war led Aloha to declare bankruptcy and cease operations in 2008.
Travelers to India may be familiar with the Kingfisher beer brand, but the name (and parent company of the beer) also entered the airline business, with Kingfisher Airlines starting flights around India in 2005.
The heavy financial losses led Kingfisher to complete its operations in 2012, when India suspended its license and froze its accounts for non-payment of taxes.
The short-lived Eos Airlines, which only existed from 2004 to 2008, was an executive-class airline flying 48-seat Boeing 757 between New York-JFK and Stansted Airport in London.
Before Eos could see through its plans to expand business class flights to other US, European and even South American destinations, the airline suddenly went bankrupt.
First may be in the headlines now because of its terrible failure and the fact that thousands of passengers (and even their own crew) were left without work when it stopped working this month without notice.
The airline has existed since 2003 and was a successful charter operation. It happened to regular flights of very low cost, mainly in routes of European vacations.
The low-cost British airline, founded in 1967, transported tourists to tourist attractions in Europe, as well as to Israel. It stopped operating in October 2017.
Founded by Americans in 1978, Air Berlin initially operated charter flights from West Berlin to destinations in the Mediterranean. German reunification saw the airline expand rapidly, and Air Berlin became one of the largest airlines in Europe.
Air Berlin reduced its operations for several years and, with sustained financial losses, finally made its last flight in October 2017.
Flying from the United States to Europe with a stop in Iceland for little money is now very common, but the concept began in the early 1940s with Loftleiðir, also known as Icelandic Airlines.
In 1973, the airline merged with another Icelandic airline, Flugfélag Íslands, and the result was the birth of Icelandair.
Pan Am, short for Pan American World Airways, is the story of a small airmail airline that jumped from Florida to Cuba and that began in 1927, became the largest airline in the world and an industry innovator until its disappearance in 1991.
Oil crises, kidnappings and attacks, and other operational setbacks forced Pan Am into a desperate financial situation, and the airline ceased on December 4, 1991.
When low-cost airlines arrived in the United States in the mid-2000s, United felt the pressure to try their own hand and founded Ted.
The flight entertainment on Ted’s flights was limited to “Tedevision” and “TedTunes,” and the airline sold stuffed bears on board. The company closed in 2009.
Known for its colorful cabin lighting, its quirky personality and the desire to offer an elegant choice in air travel from the United States, Virgin America seduced the aviators and captured airline awards throughout its decade of existence.
Hearts broke across the country when Alaska Airlines bought the airline. The last Virgin America flight took off on April 24, 2018.